General Pug Health
Obesity: Pugs are so sweet and loving, it can be easy to give in to that and over-treat them. They can act like they’re hungry when they’ve just finished eating. You should watch the type and amount of food your pug is consuming. He should just be able to feel the ribs and the dog should have a waist. It’s also good to read the nutritional labels on the dog food, often cheapest isn’t best when it comes to your best friend’s health. Dog Food Ratings
Pug Dog Encephalitis: A unique disease to pugs this disease is fatal. Research is still ongoing, but there isn’t a test at this time for the disease in live pugs. An inflammatory brain disease that usually shows itself quickly and takes the pug’s life in a few days, there is no treatment. Sufferers will have seizures, circling, blindness, coma and death. There seems to be a genetic component since it appears to run in lines.
Epilepsy: If your pug has a seizure, it may not be Pug Dog Encephalitis. Some pugs have seizure disorders of unknown cause. There are medications to control the frequency and severity of seizure activity.
Kneecap issues: Sometimes the kneecap will slip off to the side rather than sliding up and down as it should. This often causes limping, although it may sometimes appear normal. Surgery may be necessary to correct.
Hip Dysplasia: Second only to bulldogs, pugs can have a deformity to the hip joint which may cause problems. Stemming from heredity, poor nutrition, or simply environment, being a smaller breed pugs can often live normally with this condition (unlike larger breed dogs). This is more commonly seen in overweight pugs.
Eye problems: Pugs’ beautiful big eyes do have tendencies to cause issues. They are susceptible to lacerations, prolapse (popping out of the socket from trauma), and eyelid/eyelash defects. Cataracts are also somewhat common. Dry eye (when the eyes don’t produce enough tear drops to keep the eyes moist) and Pigmentary Keratitis (dark black spots on the cornea or clear part of the eye, especially in the corner near the nose) often occur together. You should see the vet immediately if you suspect these problems and they often need life-long care. You should always keep your pug’s toenails clipped to keep them from scratching their eyes.
Breathing issues: Due to their flat facial features, Pugs are prone to heatstroke and require air conditioning and special care when exercising during hot or stuffy conditions. If your pug seems to snore excessively or gasps for air, you should have your vet check things out. If your pug’s nostrils are pinched or if there are problems with the soft palette the vet will need to possibly perform surgery to correct.
Ears: You should pay special attention, and contact your vet, if you notice any headshaking or if there is redness, heavy discharge, or odor to the pug’s ears. Ears should be cleaned regularly with an earwash.
Soft palate problems: The soft palette is part of the pug’s nose and mouth. If it grows too long it can restrict air getting into the lungs. A sign may be excessive snoring or seeming to choke.
Skin issues: Facial wrinkles must be kept clean and dry. Some pugs are prone to seasonal allergies, a vet checkup to have tests done to find the culprit might be necessary.